1Professor Emeritus, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences,
University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA
2Project NOAH consultant in 2013
3Nationwide Operational Assessment of Hazards, Department
of Science and Technology, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
4Volcano-Tectonics Laboratory, National Institute of Geological
Sciences, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines
anow at: Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems, GEOMAR – Helmholtz Centre
for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
Received: 28 Mar 2016 – Discussion started: 11 Apr 2016
Abstract. Category 5 Super Typhoon Bopha, the world's worst storm of 2012, formed abnormally close to the Equator, and its landfall on Mindanao set the record proximity to the Equator for its category. Its torrential rains generated an enormous debris flow in the Mayo River watershed that swept away much of the village Andap in the New Bataan municipality, burying areas under rubble as thick as 9 m and killing 566 people. Established in 1968, New Bataan had never experienced super typhoons and debris flows. This unfamiliarity compounded the death and damage. We describe Bopha's history, debris flows and the Mayo River disaster, and then we discuss how population growth contributed to the catastrophe, as well as the possibility that climate change may render other near-Equatorial areas vulnerable to hazards brought on by similar typhoons. Finally, we recommend measures to minimize the loss of life and damage to property from similar future events.
Revised: 19 Oct 2016 – Accepted: 06 Nov 2016 – Published: 15 Dec 2016
Rodolfo, K. S., Lagmay, A. M. F., Eco, R. C., Herrero, T. M. L., Mendoza, J. E., Minimo, L. G., and Santiago, J. T.: The December 2012 Mayo River debris flow triggered by Super Typhoon Bopha in Mindanao, Philippines: lessons learned and questions raised, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2683-2695, doi:10.5194/nhess-16-2683-2016, 2016.