Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1011-1017, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
01 Apr 2011
On the acoustic model of lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupling before earthquakes
C.-V. Meister1, B. Mayer1, P. Dziendziel1, F. Fülbert1, D. H. H. Hoffmann1, and V. A. Liperovsky2 1Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Schlossgartenstr. 9, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
2Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Bolshaya Gruzinskaya 10, 123995 Moscow, Russia
Abstract. In this work, the many-fluid magnetohydrodynamic theory is applied to describe the modification of the electromagnetic field of the ionospheric E-layer by acoustic-type waves. There, altitudinal profiles of the electromagnetic field and the plasma parameters of the atmosphere and ionosphere are taken into account. It is concluded that at E-region altitudes above seismo-active regions, magnetohydrodynamic waves as Alfvén and magnetoacoustic ones might change their amplitude and direction of propagation. Waves of the Farley-Buneman type might also be excited a few days before very strong earthquakes. The collisions between the neutral and charged particles of the E-layer also cause diffusion and heating processes. Thus, changes of the characteristic foE-frequency might be obtained.

Citation: Meister, C.-V., Mayer, B., Dziendziel, P., Fülbert, F., Hoffmann, D. H. H., and Liperovsky, V. A.: On the acoustic model of lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupling before earthquakes, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1011-1017,, 2011.
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