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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 6 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1745-1758, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Jun 2011

Research article | 21 Jun 2011

The relationship between the performance of soil conditions and damage following an earthquake: a case study in Istanbul, Turkey

G. Ç. İnce G. Ç. İnce
  • Division of Civil Engineering, Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Aksaray University, 68100 Aksaray, Turkey

Abstract. Istanbul city has experienced many strong earthquakes throughout its history and suffered extensive damage. The old Istanbul (Fatih and Eminonu districts), one of the most densely populated locations of Istanbul city, is a commercial centre and has many significant historical buildings. In this study, the data pertaining to the damage sustained by historical artifacts and structures from past earthquakes, are examined along with the soil amplification of the region, the liquefaction and slope stability risk in relation to the seismic microzonation maps which were prepared using geographic information system techniques. The relationship between soil behaviour and the damage resulting from previous earthquakes. The structural damage observed in the region was in accordance with the microzonation maps. Since the area does not have a high risk in terms of slope stability, this does not have much impact on the level of damage. However, it was found that soil amplification and partial liquefaction contributed to the damage to historical artifacts and structures.

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