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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 8 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 2137-2147, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-11-2137-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 04 Aug 2011

Research article | 04 Aug 2011

Scale orientated analysis of river width changes due to extreme flood hazards

G. Krapesch, C. Hauer, and H. Habersack G. Krapesch et al.
  • Christian Doppler Laboratory for advanced methods in river monitoring, modelling and engineering, Vienna, Austria
  • BOKU University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
  • Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, Institute of Water Management, Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna, Austria

Abstract. This paper analyses the morphological effects of extreme floods (recurrence interval >100 years) and examines which parameters best describe the width changes due to erosion based on 5 affected alpine gravel bed rivers in Austria. The research was based on vertical aerial photos of the rivers before and after extreme floods, hydrodynamic numerical models and cross sectional measurements supported by LiDAR data of the rivers. Average width ratios (width after/before the flood) were calculated and correlated with different hydraulic parameters (specific stream power, shear stress, flow area, specific discharge). Depending on the geomorphological boundary conditions of the different rivers, a mean width ratio between 1.12 (Lech River) and 3.45 (Trisanna River) was determined on the reach scale. The specific stream power (SSP) best predicted the mean width ratios of the rivers especially on the reach scale and sub reach scale. On the local scale more parameters have to be considered to define the "minimum morphological spatial demand of rivers", which is a crucial parameter for addressing and managing flood hazards and should be used in hazard zone plans and spatial planning.

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