Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 2913-2924, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
04 Nov 2011
Rogue waves in 2006–2010
I. Nikolkina1,2 and I. Didenkulova2,3 1University of the French West Indies and Guiana, Guadeloupe, France
2Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
3Institute of Cybernetics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
Abstract. The evidence of rogue wave existence all over the world during last five years (2006–2010) has been collected based mainly on mass media sources. Only events associated with damage and human loss are included. The waves occurred not only in deep and shallow zones of the World Ocean, but also at the coast, where they were manifested as either sudden flooding of the coast or high splashes over steep banks or sea walls. From the total number of 131 reported events, 78 were identified as evidence of rogue waves (which are expected to be at least twice larger than the significant wave height). The background significant wave height was estimated from the satellite wave data. The rogue waves at the coast, where the significant wave height is unknown or meaningless, were selected based on their unexpectedness and hazardous character. The statistics built on the selected 78 events suggests that extreme waves cause more damage in shallow waters and at the coast than in the deep sea and can be used for hazard assessment of the rogue wave phenomenon.

Citation: Nikolkina, I. and Didenkulova, I.: Rogue waves in 2006–2010, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 2913-2924,, 2011.
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