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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 5 | Copyright

Special issue: Flood ris​k analysis and integ​rated management

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 1085-1098, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-14-1085-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 12 May 2014

Research article | 12 May 2014

Robust, multifunctional flood defenses in the Dutch rural riverine area

J. M. van Loon-Steensma1 and P. Vellinga1,2 J. M. van Loon-Steensma and P. Vellinga
  • 1Earth System Sciences Group, Wageningen University & Research Centre, Wageningen, the Netherlands
  • 2Alterra, Wageningen University & Research Centre, Wageningen, the Netherlands

Abstract. This paper reviews the possible functions as well as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for robust flood defenses in the rural riverine areas of the Netherlands on the basis of the recent literature and case studies at five locations in the Netherlands where dike reinforcement is planned. For each of the case studies semi-structured interviews with experts and stakeholders were conducted. At each of the five locations, suitable robust flood defenses could be identified that would contribute to the envisaged functions and ambitions for the respective areas. Primary strengths of a robust, multifunctional dike in comparison to a traditional dike appeared to be the more efficient space use due to the combination of different functions, a longer-term focus and greater safety.

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