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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 15, issue 2 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 335-347, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-15-335-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 24 Feb 2015

Research article | 24 Feb 2015

Developing an open geographic data model and analysis tools for disaster management: landslide case

A. C. Aydinoglu1 and M. S. Bilgin2 A. C. Aydinoglu and M. S. Bilgin
  • 1Dept. of Geomatics Engineering, Gebze Technical University, Kocaeli, Turkey
  • 2Graduate Prog. of Geographic Information Technologies, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract. Disaster management aims to reduce catastrophic losses of disasters. Geographic information technologies support disaster management activities for effective and collaborative data management considering the complex nature of disasters. This study with an original conceptual approach aims to develop interoperable geographic data model and analysis tools to manage geographic data sets coming from different sources. For landslide disaster, 39 scenario-based activities were analysed with the required data according to user needs in a cycle of activities at mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery phases. An interoperable geographic data model for disaster management (ADYS), enabling up-to-date exchange of geographic data, was designed, compliant with the standards of ISO/TC211 Geographic Information/Geomatics, Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), and the Turkish National GIS (TUCBS). An open source and free analysis toolbox was developed and tested in the case study of activities such as landslide hazard analysis and a disaster warning system to support the Provincial Disaster Management Centres of Turkey. Open data models and analysis tools make effective activity management and data sharing possible. However, transforming data sets into data exchange formats is laborious.

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This study provides an approach for effective disaster management by using geographic information technologies. ADYS, as an interoperable and object-oriented geographic data model, was designed for the activities at the different phases of landslide management. ADYS is compliant with the standards of ISO/TC211, OGC, and Turkey National GIS (TUCBS). ADYS toolbox using open spatial analysis tools was developed for the activities of landslide management.
This study provides an approach for effective disaster management by using geographic...
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