Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2071-2083, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2071-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
06 Sep 2016
A coupled wave–3-D hydrodynamics model of the Taranto Sea (Italy): a multiple-nesting approach
Maria Gabriella Gaeta1, Achilleas G. Samaras1, Ivan Federico2, Renata Archetti3, Francesco Maicu4, and Giuliano Lorenzetti4 1CIRI-EC, Fluid Dynamics Unit, University of Bologna, Via del Lazzaretto 15/5, Bologna, 40131, Italy
2CMCC, Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change, Via Augusto Imperatore 16, Lecce, 73100, Italy
3Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, Bologna, 40136, Italy
4CNR-ISMAR, National Research Council, Institute of Marine Sciences, Castello 2737/f, Venice, 30122, Italy
Abstract. The present work describes an operational strategy for the development of a multiscale modeling system, based on a multiple-nesting approach and open-source numerical models. The strategy was applied and validated for the Gulf of Taranto in southern Italy, scaling large-scale oceanographic model results to high-resolution coupled wave–3-D hydrodynamics simulations for the area of Mar Grande in the Taranto Sea. The spatial and temporal high-resolution simulations were performed using the open-source TELEMAC suite, forced by wind data from the COSMO-ME database, boundary wave spectra from the RON buoy at Crotone and results from the Southern Adriatic Northern Ionian coastal Forecasting System (SANIFS) regarding sea levels and current fields. Model validation was carried out using data collected in the Mar Grande basin from a fixed monitoring station and during an oceanographic campaign in October 2014. The overall agreement between measurements and model results in terms of waves, sea levels, surface currents, circulation patterns and vertical velocity profiles is deemed to be satisfactory, and the methodology followed in the process can constitute a useful tool for both research and operational applications in the same field and as support of decisions for management and design of infrastructures.

Citation: Gaeta, M. G., Samaras, A. G., Federico, I., Archetti, R., Maicu, F., and Lorenzetti, G.: A coupled wave–3-D hydrodynamics model of the Taranto Sea (Italy): a multiple-nesting approach, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2071-2083, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2071-2016, 2016.
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The present work describes an operational strategy for the development of a multiscale modeling system, based on a multiple–nesting approach and open–source numerical models. The strategy was applied and validated for the Gulf of Taranto in southern Italy, scaling large–scale oceanographic model results to high–resolution coupled-wave 3-D hydrodynamics simulations for the area of Mar Grande in Taranto. The spatial and temporal high-resolution simulations were performed using the open source.
The present work describes an operational strategy for the development of a multiscale modeling...
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