Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2123-2135, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2123-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
14 Sep 2016
An integrated methodology to develop a standard for landslide early warning systems
Teuku Faisal Fathani1, Dwikorita Karnawati2, and Wahyu Wilopo2 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
2Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Abstract. Landslides are one of the most widespread and commonly occurring natural hazards. In regions of high vulnerability, these complex hazards can cause significant negative social and economic impacts. Considering the worldwide susceptibility to landslides, it is necessary to establish a standard for early warning systems specific to landslide disaster risk reduction. This standard would provide guidance in conducting landslide detection, prediction, interpretation, and response. This paper proposes a new standard consisting of seven sub-systems for landslide early warning. These include risk assessment and mapping, dissemination and communication, establishment of the disaster preparedness and response team, development of an evacuation map, standardized operating procedures, installation of monitoring and warning services, and the building of local commitment to the operation and maintenance of the entire program. This paper details the global standard with an example of its application from Central Java, one of 20 landslide-prone provinces in Indonesia that have used this standard since 2012.

Citation: Fathani, T. F., Karnawati, D., and Wilopo, W.: An integrated methodology to develop a standard for landslide early warning systems, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2123-2135, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2123-2016, 2016.
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Short summary
The Sendai Framework for DRR declared that resilience is obtained through disaster prevention and risk reduction, with priority actions being risk assessment and early warning systems (EWSs). A universal standard for landslide EWSs was composed by considering the limitations of local communities, to provide guidance in conducting landslide detection, prediction, interpretation, and response. This paper details its application in Central Java, one of 20 landslide-prone provinces in Indonesia.
The Sendai Framework for DRR declared that resilience is obtained through disaster prevention...
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