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Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2145-2157, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2145-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
27 Sep 2016
Taking stock of decentralized disaster risk reduction in Indonesia
Anthony Grady1, Berry Gersonius2, and Alexandros Makarigakis1 1Section on Earth Sciences and Geo-Hazards Risk Reduction, Natural Sciences Sector, UNESCO, Paris, France
2UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands
Abstract. The Sendai Framework, which outlines the global course on disaster risk reduction until 2030, places strong importance on the role of local government in disaster risk reduction. An aim of decentralization is to increase the influence and authority of local government in decision making. Yet, there is limited empirical evidence of the extent, character and effects of decentralization in current disaster risk reduction implementation, and of the barriers that are most critical to this. This paper evaluates decentralization in relation to disaster risk reduction in Indonesia, chosen for its recent actions to decentralize governance of DRR coupled with a high level of disaster risk. An analytical framework was developed to evaluate the various dimensions of decentralized disaster risk reduction, which necessitated the use of a desk study, semi-structured interviews and a gap analysis. Key barriers to implementation in Indonesia included: capacity gaps at lower institutional levels, low compliance with legislation, disconnected policies, issues in communication and coordination and inadequate resourcing. However, any of these barriers are not unique to disaster risk reduction, and similar barriers have been observed for decentralization in other developing countries in other public sectors.

Citation: Grady, A., Gersonius, B., and Makarigakis, A.: Taking stock of decentralized disaster risk reduction in Indonesia, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2145-2157, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-16-2145-2016, 2016.
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Short summary
This paper evaluates decentralization of disaster risk reduction in Indonesia, chosen for its recent actions to decentralize governance of DRR coupled with a high level of disaster risk.

An analytical framework was developed to evaluate decentralized disaster risk reduction. A desk study, interviews and a gap analysis were used. Key barriers to implementation in Indonesia included capacity gaps at lower institutional levels, low compliance with legislation and inadequate resourcing.
This paper evaluates decentralization of disaster risk reduction in Indonesia, chosen for its...
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