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Volume 17, issue 11 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1871-1883, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-1871-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 06 Nov 2017

Research article | 06 Nov 2017

High-resolution modeling of tsunami run-up flooding: a case study of flooding in Kamaishi city, Japan, induced by the 2011 Tohoku tsunami

Ryosuke Akoh et al.
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Cited articles
Akoh, R., Hatakeyama, S., and Ishikawa, T.: Numerical Simulation of Tsunami Run-Up in Urban Area Taking into Account the City Layout, Proceedings of the 19th IAHR-APD Congress 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam, ISBN 978604821338-1, 2014.
Aronica, G. and Lanza, L. G.: Drainage efficiency in urban areas: a case study, Hydrol. Process., 19, 1105–1119, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.5648, 2005.
Aronica, G., Tucciarelli, T., and Nasello, C.: 2D multilevel model for flood wave propagation in flood-affected areas, J. Water Res. Plan. Man., 124, 210–217, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(1998)124:4(210), 1998.
Bricker, J. D., Gibson, S., Takagi, H., and Imamura, F.: On the need for larger Manning's roughness coefficients deep-integrated tsunami inundation models, Coast. Eng. J., 57, 155005, https://doi.org/10.1142/S0578563415500059, 2015.
Brown, J. D., Spencer, T., and Moeller, I.: Modeling storm surge flooding of an urban area with particular reference to modeling uncertainties: a case study of Canvey Island, UK, Water Resour. Res., 43, W06402, https://doi.org/10.1029/2005WR004597, 2007.
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Short summary
A numerical model was developed to simulate tsunami run-up in a densely built-up area by introducing internal hydraulic conditions on building footprints. Computation showed good agreements with observation on maximum wave heights and wavefront speed in streets in the 2011 Tohoku tsunami. An indicator for tsunami impact was introduced based on observed distribution of washed-out houses, and a numerical experiment suggested that building array improvement would reduce damage of houses remarkably.
A numerical model was developed to simulate tsunami run-up in a densely built-up area by...
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