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Volume 17, issue 12 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 2321-2333, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 19 Dec 2017

Research article | 19 Dec 2017

Conceptualizing community resilience to natural hazards – the emBRACE framework

Sylvia Kruse et al.
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Cited articles
Abeling, T.: According to plan?: Disaster risk knowledge and organizational responses to heat wave risk in London, UK, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 1, 1–8,, 2015a.
Abeling, T.: Can we learn to be resilient? Institutional constraints for social learning in heatwave risk management in London, UK, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, King's College London, University of London, London, United Kingdom, 2015b.
Abeling, T., Huq, N., Chang-Seng, D., Birkmann, J., Wolfertz, J., Renaud, F., and Garschagen, M.: Understanding community disaster resilience, in: Framing Community Disaster Resilience: resources, capacities, learning and action, edited by: Deeming, H., Fordham, M., Kuhlicke, C., Pedoth, L., Schneiderbauer, S., and Shreve, C., Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom, in press, 2018.
Alexander, D.: Towards the development of a standard in emergency planning, Disaster Prev. Manag., 14, 158–175,, 2005.
Alexander, D. E.: Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 2707–2716,, 2013.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The emBRACE framework of community resilience conceptualizes resilience across three core domains: resources and capacities, actions, and learning. These are influenced by extra community forces, i.e. risk governance, societal context, disturbances and system change over time. It was developed by building on existing scholarly debates, on empirical case study work in five countries and on participatory consultation with community stakeholders where the framework was applied and ground-tested.
The emBRACE framework of community resilience conceptualizes resilience across three core...