Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 31-44, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-31-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review article
06 Jan 2017
Application of surface analytical methods for hazardous situation in the Adriatic Sea: monitoring of organic matter dynamics and oil pollution
Galja Pletikapić1,a and Nadica Ivošević DeNardis1 1Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, POB 180, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
anow at: FOM Institute AMOLF, POB 41883, 1009 DB Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Abstract. Surface analytical methods are applied to examine the environmental status of seawaters. The present overview emphasizes advantages of combining surface analytical methods, applied to a hazardous situation in the Adriatic Sea, such as monitoring of the first aggregation phases of dissolved organic matter in order to potentially predict the massive mucilage formation and testing of oil spill cleanup. Such an approach, based on fast and direct characterization of organic matter and its high-resolution visualization, sets a continuous-scale description of organic matter from micro- to nanometre scales. Electrochemical method of chronoamperometry at the dropping mercury electrode meets the requirements for monitoring purposes due to the simple and fast analysis of a large number of natural seawater samples enabling simultaneous differentiation of organic constituents. In contrast, atomic force microscopy allows direct visualization of biotic and abiotic particles and provides an insight into structural organization of marine organic matter at micro- and nanometre scales. In the future, merging data at different spatial scales, taking into account experimental input on micrometre scale, observations on metre scale and modelling on kilometre scale, will be important for developing sophisticated technological platforms for knowledge transfer, reports and maps applicable for the marine environmental protection and management of the coastal area, especially for tourism, fishery and cruiser trafficking.

Citation: Pletikapić, G. and Ivošević DeNardis, N.: Application of surface analytical methods for hazardous situation in the Adriatic Sea: monitoring of organic matter dynamics and oil pollution, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-17-31-2017, 2017.
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Short summary
Surface analytical methods (the electrochemical method and atomic force microscopy imaging) are applied to examine good environmental status of seawaters. The present overview emphasize advantages of combining surface analytical methods applied for hazardous situation in the Adriatic Sea such as monitoring of the first aggregation phases of dissolved organic matter in order to potentially predict the massive mucilage formation and testing of oil spill cleanup.
Surface analytical methods (the electrochemical method and atomic force microscopy imaging) are...
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