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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 18, issue 5 | Copyright
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 1315-1325, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-1315-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 14 May 2018

Research article | 14 May 2018

Mapping individuals' earthquake preparedness in China

Guochun Wu1, Ziqiang Han2,3, Weijin Xu1, and Yue Gong4 Guochun Wu et al.
  • 1Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, 100081, China
  • 2Institute for Disaster Management and Reconstruction, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610207, China
  • 3Center for Crisis Management Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • 4China Earthquake Disaster Prevention Center, Beijing, 100000, China

Abstract. Disaster preparedness is critical for reducing potential impact. This paper contributes to current knowledge of disaster preparedness using representative national sample data from China, which faces high earthquake risks in many areas of the country. The adoption of earthquake preparedness activities by the general public, including five indicators of material preparedness and five indicators of awareness preparedness, were surveyed and 3245 respondents from all 31 provinces of Mainland China participated in the survey. Linear regression models and logit regression models were used to analyze the effects of potential influencing factors. Overall, the preparedness levels are not satisfied, with a material preparation score of 3.02 (1–5), and awareness preparation score of 2.79 (1–5), nationally. Meanwhile, residents from western China, which has higher earthquake risk, have higher degrees of preparedness. The concern for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and the concern for building safety and participation in public affairs are consistent positive predictors of both material and awareness preparedness. The demographic and socioeconomic variables' effects, such as gender, age, education, income, urban/rural division, and building size, vary according to different preparedness activities. Finally, the paper concludes with a discussion of the theoretical contribution and potential implementation.

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