Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 515-529, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-515-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
19 Feb 2018
Fire danger rating over Mediterranean Europe based on fire radiative power derived from Meteosat
Miguel M. Pinto1, Carlos C. DaCamara1, Isabel F. Trigo2, Ricardo M. Trigo1, and K. Feridun Turkman3 1Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, 1749-016, Portugal
2Departamento de Meteorologia e Geofísica, Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (IPMA), Lisbon, 1749-077, Portugal
3Centro de Estatística e Aplicações da Universidade de Lisboa (CEAUL), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, 1749-016, Portugal
Abstract. We present a procedure that allows the operational generation of daily forecasts of fire danger over Mediterranean Europe. The procedure combines historical information about radiative energy released by fire events with daily meteorological forecasts, as provided by the Satellite Application Facility for Land Surface Analysis (LSA SAF) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Fire danger is estimated based on daily probabilities of exceedance of daily energy released by fires occurring at the pixel level. Daily probability considers meteorological factors by means of the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) and is estimated using a daily model based on a generalized Pareto distribution. Five classes of fire danger are then associated with daily probability estimated by the daily model. The model is calibrated using 13 years of data (2004–2016) and validated against the period of January–September 2017. Results obtained show that about 72 % of events releasing daily energy above 10 000 GJ belong to the extreme class of fire danger, a considerably high fraction that is more than 1.5 times the values obtained when using the currently operational Fire Danger Forecast module of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) or the Fire Risk Map (FRM) product disseminated by the LSA SAF. Besides assisting in wildfire management, the procedure is expected to help in decision making on prescribed burning within the framework of agricultural and forest management practices.

Citation: Pinto, M. M., DaCamara, C. C., Trigo, I. F., Trigo, R. M., and Turkman, K. F.: Fire danger rating over Mediterranean Europe based on fire radiative power derived from Meteosat, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 515-529, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-515-2018, 2018.
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Short summary
We present a procedure that allows the operational generation of daily forecasts of fire danger over Mediterranean Europe. The procedure combines historical information about radiative energy released by fire events with daily meteorological forecasts. Results obtained show that about 72 % of severe events releasing daily energy above 10 000 GJ belong to the extreme class of fire danger. The procedure is expected to assist in wildfire management and in decision making on prescribed burning.
We present a procedure that allows the operational generation of daily forecasts of fire danger...
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