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NHESS | Articles | Volume 19, issue 7
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1415–1431, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1415-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 1415–1431, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-1415-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 16 Jul 2019

Research article | 16 Jul 2019

What's streamflow got to do with it? A probabilistic simulation of the competing oceanographic and fluvial processes driving extreme along-river water levels

Katherine A. Serafin et al.
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Cited articles  
Allan, J. C. and Komar, P. D.: Extreme storms on the Pacific Northwest coast during the 1997–98 El Niño and 1998–99 La Niña, J. Coast. Res., 18, 175–193, 2002. a
Allan, J. C., Komar, P. D., and Ruggiero, P.: Storm Surge Magnitudes and Frequency on the Central Oregon Coast, in: Proc. Solutions to Coastal Disasters Conf., 26–29 June 2011, Anchorage, Alaska, 2011. a, b
Bevacqua, E., Maraun, D., Hobæk Haff, I., Widmann, M., and Vrac, M.: Multivariate statistical modelling of compound events via pair-copula constructions: analysis of floods in Ravenna (Italy), Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2701–2723, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-2701-2017, 2017. a, b
Bilskie, M. and Hagen, S.: Defining Flood Zone Transitions in Low-Gradient Coastal Regions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 2761–2770, 2018. a, b, c
Bromirski, P. D., Flick, R. E., and Miller, A. J.: Storm surge along the Pacific coast of North America, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 122, 441–457, 2017. a
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In coastal environments, extreme water levels driving flooding are often generated by many individual processes like storm surge, streamflow, and tides. To estimate flood drivers along a coastal river, we merge statistical simulations of ocean and river forcing with a hydraulic model to produce water levels. We find both ocean and river forcing are necessary for producing extreme flood levels like the 100-yr event, highlighting the need for considering compound events in flood risk assessments.
In coastal environments, extreme water levels driving flooding are often generated by many...
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