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NHESS | Articles | Volume 19, issue 1
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 169-179, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-169-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Special issue: Spatial and temporal patterns of wildfires: models, theory,...

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 169-179, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-169-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 22 Jan 2019

Research article | 22 Jan 2019

Using cellular automata to simulate wildfire propagation and to assist in fire management

Joana Gouveia Freire and Carlos Castro DaCamara
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Cited articles  
Alexandridis, A., Vakalis, D., Siettos, C. I., and Bafas, G. V.: A Cellular Automata model for forest fire spread prediction: The case of the wildfire that swept through Spetses Island in 1990, Appl. Math. Comput., 204, 191–201, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2008.06.046, 2008. a, b, c, d, e
Alexandridis, A., Russo, L., Vakalis, D., Bafas, G. V., and Siettos, C. I.: Wildland fire spread modelling using cellular automata: evolution in large-scale spatially heterogeneous environments under fire suppresion tactics, Int. J. Wildland Fire, 20, 633–647, https://doi.org/10.1071/WF09119, 2011. a, b, c
Amraoui, M., Liberato, M. L. R., Calado, T. J., DaCamara, C. C., Coelho, L. P., Trigo, R. M., and Gouveia, C. M.: Fire activity over Mediterranean Europe based on information from Meteosat-8, Forest Ecol. Manage., 294, 62–75, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.08.032, 2013. a
Amraoui, M., Pereira, M. G., DaCamara, C. C., and Calado, T. J.: Atmospheric conditions associated with extreme fire activity in the Western Mediterranean region, Sci. Total Environ., 524-525, 32–39, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.032, 2015. a
ANPC: Tavira/Cachopo/Catraia ocurrence report 2012080021067, National Authority for Civil Protection, available at: https://www.bombeiros.pt/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Relatorio-de-ocorrencia-2012080021067-Tavira_Cachopo_Catraia.pdf (last access: 17 January 2018), 2012. a
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Cellular automata are useful tools to simulate wildfire propagation. We design a cellular automaton to simulate a severe wildfire that took place in Portugal in 2012 and resulted in almost 25 000 ha burned. The explosive stage is adequately modeled when refining the role played by the wind in fire spreading. Results show a probability of ignition out of the limits of the observed scar, information that may help choose where to allocate resources for firefighting.
Cellular automata are useful tools to simulate wildfire propagation. We design a cellular...
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